What are the different branches of engineering

India is a home to many engineering graduates. According to a India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), every year, India produces about 15 lakh engineering graduates. Out of these graduates, only less than half of them find employment in the same field. Why is this?engineering careers

This could be because while some are academically good at their subject, they are poor in industrial knowledge. Also, some people blame the poor education system. Some pursue a course not because they are interested in it but rather because of family pressure. 

There are many types of engineering jobs an engineering graduate can go for. Do you know which branch is the most suitable one for you? How can you be sure that an engineering career is the right path for you to follow? 

In engineering, there are many branches one can pursue based on his/her interests. When passion and skill go hand in hand, it’s always much easier to find your dream job.

Different branches of engineering so that you could decide on which path to follow. 

Aerospace/Aeronautical Engineering:

If you are interested in learning all about the ins and outs of an aircraft, then this line is perfect for you. Research, designing, developing, building, and testing of aircrafts are handled by the engineers of this branch. They oversee the science and technology of aircrafts. Astronautical engineers focus on spacecraft.

So, if you want to work at NASA and ISRO, this branch could be the start of your career. 

Chemical Engineering:

If you like to create substances or materials, this branch of engineering is for you. You will get to utilize your analytical skills and cook up various materials with the help of natural and experimental science like chemistry and physics as well as life sciences such as microbiology and biochemistry. You will get insights into the process of producing everyday items.

Civil Engineering:

For those who are interested in designing and building things such as buildings or roads and develop water supply networks or even nationwide transport systems, look no further. This branch is ideal for those who are interested in mechanics, geotechnics or hydraulics. 

Here are the common fields of civil engineering:

  • Structural engineering 
  • Architectural engineering 
  • Geotechnical engineering 
  • Environmental engineering 
  • Hydraulic engineering. 

Computer Engineering: 

Computer engineering is for those who are interested in the hardware and software of a computer system. They get to design and prototype computing hardware and software. So, if you want to be a software developer or a computer engineer, you ought to pursue this line. 

Electrical and Electronic Engineering: 

Electrical engineering handles the applications of electrical power. While electrical engineers deal with production and supply of electrical power on a large scale, electronics engineers handle electronic circuits . So, if you have a skill in fixing electrical issues or you are interested in understanding and taking care of electrical devices and systems, this is for you. 

Mechanical Engineering:

This branch is one of the oldest and widest branches of engineering. Mechanical engineers handle the designing, manufacturing and maintenance of mechanical systems. So, if you want to build up innovative ways in which fields like sustainable energy and artificial intelligence can advance, this is your calling. 

Here are some of the most common specializations of mechanical engineering:

  • Robotics 
  • Manufacturing 
  • Transportation systems
  • Nanotechnology 
  • Combustion. 

Engineering Management: 

If you are aiming for a managerial position in the field of engineering and wants to understand how engineering is utilized in business, this is the most ideal type of engineering for you. 

For this, you need to specialize in-

  • Management Science
  • Engineering Mathematics
  • Decision Engineering
  • Operations Management
  • Business Statistics 
  • Engineering Statistics. 

Now, we know that the number of engineering graduates who find employment straight away is not very good. But, do not worry. It takes determination, hard work and passion to drive us to the right path. 

Even after graduation, don’t simply go for the first job offer. Analyze your skills and interests. Even if you need a certificate to be suitable for the position you want to apply, do not hesitate to upskill yourself. 

So, we hope this blog helps you in narrowing down your choices and find the best branch of engineering to follow.