React vs Angular: Which one is better?

image of React vs Angular: Which one is better?

Choosing the right framework for a project is a comparatively difficult task with numerous JavaScript frameworks, be it a website, JavaScript system, or single-page application. Web development and design have changed immensely over the past few years, and so has the technology. In today’s world, no user has the patience to wait and work on a slow-loading website when advanced programming languages are available, enabling developers to create secure and robust websites.

Regarding JavaScript, React, and Angular are two popular development frameworks that take the top spots. However, how do you pick the best one based on the project’s specifications? In this article, we will compare both frameworks in detail so that you can choose the best based on your requirement. We will discuss React vs Angular advantages, disadvantages, popularity, technical components, and more. 

What Is React JS?

React JS is an open-source and component-based front-end JavaScript library introduced by Facebook to create reusable interfaces. It is a front-end JavaScript library that is used for creating UI. It lets the developers see their apps from the user’s perspective and comes with two integrated features: JSX and virtual DOM. Currently, 15, 16, and 17 are React’s latest and best versions.

Like Angular, React is an open-sourced project testing library, and anyone can access it and modify it for free. It consists of many collections, from complete ReactJS templates to single UI templates that help create UI in mobile app development.

Advantages of React JS

Let’s talk about some advantages of React JS. 

Fast, Simple & Easy To Use

One of the top advantages of using React Js is that it has the potential to create separate components that make up the larger UI, building more complex UI functions via HTML and Javascript components. It helps websites and applications load quickly using virtual DOM to allow changing elements to the UI to change without needing the user to reload the page.

Reusable Components

React is based on components, using smaller ones to build something bigger. Each component in React JS has its controls and logic, which can be reused wherever you need them. Since it is an ideal combination of JavaScript and HTML tags, it is easy to deal with a wide set of data containing the document object model. 

Guarantees Code Stability

React JS ensures that not even the smaller change affects the whole structure. Hence, it only uses downward data flow. When it comes to changing an object, the developers just amend its state, make changes, and only specific components are updated. This process ensures code stability and continuous app performance.

Support Of Tools

React JS has become one of the popular frameworks because of its handy set of tools. These tools make the work easier for the developers to understand. Besides, these tools have been created as Chrome and Firefox dev extensions and permit to look after the React component structure in the virtual DOM. It also enables you to choose specific components and study and amend their current props and state.

SEO Friendly

The traditional JavaScript frameworks have several issues in dealing with SEO. Many developers have complained about SEO trouble in reading JavaScript-heavy applications. React JS overcomes this problem by helping developers to be easily directed on various search engines. It is because it can be run on multiple servers, and the virtual DOM will be extended and returned to the browser as a regular web page.

Also Read: React Js Interview Questions

What is Angular JS?

Angular JS is an open-source framework used to create a high-powered application. It was developed by Misko Hevery and Adam Abrons in 2009 and is today maintained by Google. This framework is based on HTML and JavaScript, mostly used to create a single-page application. It is built on typescript and has a collection of well-integrated libraries and features such as routing, communication, client-server, and more.

The best thing about AngularJS is that it provides developers with options to write client applications using JavaScript. Some of the core features of Angular JS are data-binding, templates, directives, filters, services, controller, scope, and more.

Advantages of Angular JS

Here are some of the advantages of Angular JS.

Reusability Of Codes

In Angular JS, developers can reuse the components of the code written before in multiple applications, making it a distinctive framework. Other than that, if you want to add existing components to a new application, all you need to do is just copy and paste them into the new one.

Open Source

It is one of the significant advantages of Angular JS; therefore, it can be available to anyone at an affordable cost. It can easily change the source code to offer clarification, making changes to fulfil the customer requirements. An open-source application’s top features are interpreted collaboration, customized character, robust support, group-oriented, and more.

Less Coding

Angular JS enables developers to work more on the efficiency of the application instead of spending more time on coding. It is quick to implement and learn, and developers can take a chance to create web applications using Angular JS because HTML codes are highly easy to interpret and code.

Real-Time Testing

One significant advantage of Angular JS is that it permits both end-to-end and unit testing. Testing features provided by Angular JS, such as dependency injection, inspect how the web application components are formed. Testing features also show how to resolve dependencies, which makes it easier for the developers to test the applications and look for errors. It is best because developers do not need to look for any third-party software to support their applications, which saves a lot of time and resources working on the projects using Angular JS.

Easily Customizable

Customization is one of the popular advantages of Angular JS because one does not need to begin everything from the start. It enables adding and deleting feature flexibility based on customers’ requests and feedback. In simple terms, it prevents introducing unwanted elements into development by employing user-friendly features into account.

Angular Vs React: Key Features

Here are the key features of Angular and React programming languages.

Angular Feature

  • It is time-saving
  • It is highly in cue with the current technologies
  • It has coding language that is highly clear and concise
  • It permits seamless updates
  • It is built-in support for HTTP & AJAX 
  • It offers enhanced support for error handling

React Feature

  • It allows you to use third-party libraries
  • It is time-saving
  • It is highly supported by Facebook
  • It offers faster development
  • It offers a better user experience and fast performance

Also Read: SQL Vs MySql

Angular Vs React: Use Cases

The developers require preeminent tools to create dynamic and interactive user interfaces. 

ReactJS

Here we will discuss the top two cases of React

WhatsApp

It is one of the most popular and highly used social media platforms, in which React JS has been used to create the best interface. Its components are built by using the React JS library. One of the main reasons for its popularity is its easy use.

Discord

A highly known chat service for people who are indulged in online video games. It has a top spot to hang out online for people having similar interests. Its features are highly interactive, and all its components are made with React JS library.

AngularJS

Now, we are going to talk about the cases using Angular.

Microsoft Office

It is a huge multinational tech company, released in 1998. In August 2014, it shopped two new standalone web applications that take benefits of the Angular JS framework.

Forbes

Forbes is a popular subscription-based magazine giant that promotes fast page loading time. It uses Angular programming language that enables stories and articles to self-update seamlessly within seconds of publications for subscribers to view.

React vs Angular: Testing Tools

If you are a front-end developer working on React and Angular, you must have some reputed tool or framework to test the application. Whether you are doing integration testing, unit testing, or end-to-end testing, choosing the right tool is one of the most important decisions to take.

Tools  React & Angular 
Mocha It is one of the most chosen tools for testing web applications in React JS and Angular. You can use the power of its vital0 enzyme to manipulate, assert, and pass over the output.
Karma Karma is the most preeminent JavaScript command-line tool to generate web servers. It can not only be customized to run against several browsers but also to load applications’ source code and execute an escort of tests on the command line.
Jasmine  An open-source framework and test runner for testing numerous kinds of JavaScript applications. It involves both a response and a visibility test of the user on multiple devices with several resolutions. It is beneficial in both front and back-end tests. However, you should know that it does not support code coverage tools, snapshot tests, native DOM manipulation, and parallelization.
Jest  Jest is a reputed testing framework with millions of downloads, created and maintained by Facebook. It is used to test JavaScript codes, which also involves React applications. It conducts parallelization, snapshot, and async method tests.
Selenium Webdriver It is an exceptional testing automation tool for creating end-to-end testing of web browsers. Its power lies in the ability to control web browsers via programs and diversity based on its functionality on various operating systems and browsers. 

React vs Angular: Learning Curve

React: It is highly simple and has no extraordinary templates, dependency injection, or overly complicated features. It is easy to learn and understand and is a perfect pick if you already have a basic grasp of JavaScript. However, learning how to set up the project takes some time because there is no defined project structure. Besides this, it also required constant framework updates.

Angular: Angular is a huge library, and learning all its concepts will take more time than React. It is kind of difficult to understand but not impossible. There is a lot of unnecessary syntax and component management. It also has some complicated features, meaning developers must learn to avoid potential complications.

Regarding React vs Angular, this is the significant learning curve you need to know.

Also Read: Basic Computer Knowledge

Difference between Angular And React JS

Angular vs React: We will discuss the difference between Angular and React JS, which will help you understand its technical specifications.

Category  React JS  Angular 
Founded  By Jordan Walke  By Misko Hevery 
Releasing Year  2013 2009
Purpose  Library – It only cares about perspective on MVC architecture, requiring flux to implement this architecture. However, it also gives freeform to organize the code the way you want. Full-fledged framework – It offers a tough opinion on how your application should be structured and has many small libraries that help create applications.
DOM Virtual Real
Best for  Suitable for large web applications with frequently variable data. Suitable for creating highly active and interactive web applications.
Application Size  Comparatively Small Comparatively small
Dynamic UI Binding   Direct linking of states to the UI UI binding at the property level
Data Binding  One-way Two-way
Performance   High High
Opinionated  Flexible Relatively less
Data Binding  Two-way data binding One-way data binding
Language  JavaScript XML (JSX) TypeScript
Price   Open-source Open-source
What Should I choose? 
  • JavaScript
  • Small team
  • Best at choosing among the best options
  • Highly customized specific application
  • Wide community support
  • TypeScript
  • Object-oriented programming language
  • Large scale application

Wrapping Up! 

Each framework has its peculiarities and conditions; choosing the right one is one of the most difficult. However, both programming languages are equally powerful, facilitating and speeding up the developing process. These are the fundamental concepts, differences and features that we have tried to cover to give you an in-depth understanding. If you have any doubts, you can reach out to us in the comments below!

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